Raising a pet dog indoors is similar to raising a child. Sen, let's explore some common diseases in dogs so that we can learn how to prevent them and keep our little furry friends healthy. Below are some common illnesses that dogs often encounter for your reference.


Parvovirus Disease (Parvo) - Infectious Enteritis



This disease is caused by the Canine Parvovirus (CPV) and is an acute infectious disease with a high mortality rate. Parvovirus is highly contagious and can be transmitted through direct or indirect contact with infected feces or waste. This disease is extremely common in puppies under 1 year old, especially during the first 6 months.



Bloody diarrhea, vomiting, loss of appetite, lethargy leading to decreased activity, and constant lying down.



Your beloved dog can easily avoid Parvo virus by being vaccinated. Alternatively, if the mother dog has been vaccinated previously, it can pass protective antibodies to the puppies through milk to protect them from this disease. Additionally, maintaining environmental hygiene, avoiding contact with sick dogs, is crucial.


Canine Distemper (Distemper) - Canine Fever



Canine Distemper, also known as canine fever, is an acute infectious disease caused by a virus called Canine Distemper Virus (CDV). When the disease is detected, the owner needs to isolate all the puppies in the house.



Canine Distemper will manifest clinical symptoms such as high fever, difficulty breathing, acute enteritis, and neurological symptoms.



There is currently no specific treatment for Canine Distemper. However, with proper vaccination, early detection, and correct care, the disease can still be treated. If you notice signs of illness in your dog, immediately take them to the nearest veterinary clinic for timely treatment. Isolating sick dogs to prevent transmission to other puppies is essential.


Coccidia Disease - Coccidia



Coccidia parasites are often found in stagnant water puddles and can infect the digestive tract of puppies and their cells internally. Your puppy may be at risk of infection if it is not kept in a clean, dry environment, especially when newly born.



Symptoms include diarrhea, blood in feces, or dehydration.



Veterinarians may prescribe anti-parasitic drugs. Additionally, it's necessary to maintain cleanliness around the puppy's living area, keep it dry, clean waste regularly, and provide clean water to prevent disease.


Hypoglycemia Disease



Small dogs are prone to hypoglycemia if they are not fed enough and on time. You need to monitor your puppy's eating habits, especially when they are still small, to take timely preventive measures.



If your puppy has hypoglycemia, it may show signs of lethargy, and may even have seizures.



To prevent hypoglycemia in puppies, pet owners need to provide a proper diet. Additionally, you can consult with a veterinarian for appropriate treatment options.


Demodex Disease (Mange) - Demodex



Demodex mange is one of the common skin diseases in dogs, occurring when the body's immune system is weakened. Demodex canis, a normal inhabitant of the dog's skin, is transmitted from the mother dog to the puppies within the first 2-3 days of nursing.



Demodex mange causes widespread hair loss, scaly and oozing skin, dullness, fever, and secondary bacterial infections. Pimples, pustules, redness, increased pigment, and tissue damage are secondary lesions.



If you suspect your puppy has this disease, you should pluck or scrape the affected skin area. Consult a veterinarian for proper treatment to prevent the disease from spreading to other areas of the skin.


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